Realism was an artistic movement of the nineteenth-century that focused on the naturalistic painting of everyday life. French Realism of the nineteenth-century focused on the everyday lives of the urban and rural poor as their subject matter, rejecting the grandiose subjects of Romanticism. Some of the most famous paintings of the era include Jean François Millet's The Gleaners (1857) and Gustave Courbet's The Stonebreakers (1849).
The term 'realism' is often used to describe any painting, from any era that uses traditional techniques to get a natural-looking subject. You will find a variety of naturalistic pictures and rural subjects in our collection.